The Kashmir region in the northwestern Himalayan region has been very famous for its scenic beauty from ancient times. It is also used as the root of “cashmere“ the high-class fabric. I (the representative of the Himalaya Archive Japan) once visited the Pakistani side of Kashmir and did enjoy the splendid scenery such as sharp crags stretching to the sky, Nanga Parbat the 9th highest mountain in the world at 8,126 meters above sea level blazing with sunlight and so on. Unfortunately, Kashmir has been the about 70 year-world longest conflict region(Kashmir conflict): The region is mainly divided into three parts by India, Pakistan and China. Especially, India ad Pakistan the nuclear armed nations have been fighting each other intermittently over it’s sovereignty. This year, in Srinagar the capital of India’s Jammu and Kashmir state, the conflict between local people especially the youths and Indian security forces is getting intense. The two nations have started to accuse each other and the relationship is obviously getting worse. The conflict between the nuclear-armed nations has caused international concern. It seems to me that Gandhi in “the heaven” is deeply mourning the recent situation because he once repeatedly pointed out that if India became divided, that would lead us to serious problems in the future. Through the issue of Kashmir conflict, we could deeply understand worldwide problems such as human-rights violation, reconciliation of religions, nations and ethnic groups, environmental destruction, state control of information and so forth.
The tour from Tokyo, Japan to the disputed Kashmir region by Google Earth
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One of the main causes for the Kashmir conflict is obviously Partition of India. The Partition of India was the 1947 partitioning of the British Indian Empire into India and Pakistan. Gandhi tried to prevent it for his life because he deeply understood that if India became divided, that would lead us to serious problems in the future. Even after Pakistan was founded, 78-year-old Gandhi intended to visit there to reconcile India with Pakistan. Sadly, Hindu extremists hated and considered Gandhi’s consistent attitudes too-large concessions to Muslims, and finally he was assassinated…Here are a documentary and a film about the partition: